Glossary of Terms
The most potent of natural male hormones (androgens) that promote the development of male secondary sexual characteristics. Testosterone is also present in smaller amounts in females, where it is responsible for libido, energy, and mood. In women, testosterone is produced in the ovary, the adrenal glands, and peripheral tissues. In men, testosterone is produced primarily in the testes.
A new type of drug used to treat Type 2 Diabetes by improving insulin sensitivity in adipose tissue (tissue comprised primarily of fat cells), the liver, and skeletal muscle. Examples include Avandia (rosiglitazone), Actos (pioglitazone), and Avandamet. Unlike other Diabetes drugs, these do not induce the pancreas to secrete more insulin.
Also known as the thyroid gland or pertaining to the thyroid gland. This gland is shaped like a shield.
The process for generating a two-dimensional image of a slice or section through a three-dimensional object. Tomography achieves this result by moving an x-ray source in one direction as the x-ray film is moved in the opposite direction during the exposure to sharpen structures in the focal plane, while structures in other planes appear blurred. The tomogram is the picture. The tomograph is the apparatus. Tomography is the process.
Surgery where an incision is made inside the vagina. This type of surgery can be used to treat conditions that affect the bladder, such as cystocele or stress incontinence, or to remove a gallbladder.
Something that either sets off a disease in individuals genetically predisposed to developing the disease or that causes a certain symptom to occur in a person who has a disease.
The major form of fat derived from food consumption. Triglycerides are also produced by the body. Elevated levels of triglycerides are associated with atherosclerosis.
A mass of cells that can be benign or cancerous.
Type 2 Diabetes
Also known as insulin-resistant Diabetes, non-insulin dependent Diabetes, adult-onset Diabetes, late-onset Diabetes, and maturity-onset Diabetes. This hyperglycemic condition occurs when insulin that is produced by the pancreas is unable to be used by the body due to the cells’ resistance to insulin.
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