Glossary R


Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q [R] S T U V W X Y Z



Radiation is rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy waves often used in medicine to diagnose or treat disease.


A protein molecule on the surface or within a cell that binds to a specific factor, such as a hormone, drug, or antigen.

Reproductive age

The years which a woman is able to conceive a child, from her first period until the onset of menopause.


The surgical removal of an organ or other structure.

Retrograde Bleeding

The backward flow of menstrual discharge through the fallopian tubes into the pelvis during a woman’s period.


A thiazolidinedione drug that improves the sensitivity of the body to insulin. It is used in the treatment of diabetes and is a treatment for insulin resistance. The brand name is Avandia.

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Bariatric surgery that reduces the size of the stomach but can cause poor absorption of calories, vitamins, and minerals. This procedure creates a pouch out of a small portion of the stomach and attaches it directly to the small intestine, bypassing a large part of the stomach and doudenum, the initial portion of the small intestine.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q [R] S T U V W X Y Z



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