Glossary of Terms
IFG (impaired fasting glucose)
Fasting glucose measured in the blood at a value of 100-125 mg/dl; IFG is included in the term “Pre-Diabetes”, a condition that occurs when blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with Diabetes.
IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
The 2-hour blood glucose (measured two hours after drinking a solution of glucose) is between 140 and 199 mg/dl; also known as Pre-Diabetes.
IVF (In vitro fertilization)
A procedure in which an unfertilized egg is placed in a Petri dish with sperm to attain
fertilization. The embryo is either transferred to the uterus or frozen for future use.
Small, flat patches of endometrial-like cells growing outside the uterus.
The inability to get pregnant after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term. PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a leading cause of infertility.
A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin acts to move glucose into the cells and out of the blood through insulin receptors on the cell.
The diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and tissue.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
A procedure where the embryologist directly injects a single sperm into the egg, therefore causing fertilization. This can be helpful in cases where there is poor quality sperm from the male partner or where there is an issue with the egg where fertilization can’t occur due to changes in the membranes surrounding the egg.