Glossary U


Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T [U] V W X Y Z



A non-invasive diagnostic test using sound waves directed at a part of the body to create a picture of the organ’s surface. Ultrasonography is also known as echography or sonography. A pelvic ultrasound is often used to diagnose PCOS.


Weighing less than what is normal or healthy.

Urethral Syndrome

Pain and inflammation of the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body).


Involving the uterus, as in uterine cancer or a uterine fibroid.

Uterine Cancer

Cancer of the womb (the uterus). Also called endometrial cancer. Cancer of the uterus occurs most often in women between the ages of 55 and 70. It accounts for about six percent of cancer in women. Women at elevated risk for uterine cancer include those who are obese, who have few or no children, who began menstruating at a young age, who had a late menopause, and women of high socioeconomic status. It is thought that most of these risk factors are related to hormones, especially excess estrogen.

Uterosacral Ligaments

Ligaments that attach the uterus and cervix to the base of the spine.


The uterus (womb) is a hollow, pear-shaped muscular organ located in a woman’s lower abdomen above the vagina. The narrow, lower portion of the uterus is the cervix; the broader, upper part is the corpus. The corpus is made up of two layers of tissue.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T [U] V W X Y Z




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