Glossary B

 

Glossary of Terms

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B

Benign

An abnormal growth that is not cancerous and will not spread to other areas of the body or threaten a person’s health or life.

BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia; also hypertrophy)

Enlargement of the prostate gland seen commonly in men older than 50 and often leading to an outlet obstruction of bladder function.

Biguanides (metformin)

A class of drugs used to treat Type 2 Diabetes that affects production and absorption of glucose and insulin response.

Bio-identical hormones

A hormone that is biochemically and molecularly identical to the human hormone form and has been derived from plants.

Birth control

Birth control is the use of any practice, method, or device to prevent pregnancy from occurring in a sexually active woman. Birth control is also referred to as family planning, pregnancy prevention, fertility control, or contraception. Birth control methods are designed either to prevent fertilization of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.

Blood glucose

The primary sugar the body makes from food. It is carried through the bloodstream to provide energy to all cells in the body.

Blood lipids

Lipids (fats in the blood), along with carbohydrates and proteins, are the main components of plant and animal cells. Lipids are easily stored in the body and serve as a source of fuel for energy production. Cholesterol and triglycerides are lipids.

Blood pressure

A measurement of force and tension relating to the heart and vessels as blood is pumped to the body from the heart. The first number in a blood pressure reading, systolic, measures pressure when the heart contracts while the second number, diastolic, measures pressure when the heart relaxes.

Blood sugar

Also known as blood glucose, the main sugar the body makes from food. It is carried through the bloodstream to provide energy to all cells in the body.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A key index for relating a person’s body weight to their height. Body mass index (BMI) is a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by their height in meters (m) squared. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) now defines normal weight, overweight, and obesity according to the BMI rather than the traditional height/weight charts. Overweight is defined as a BMI of 27.3 percent or more for women and 27.8 percent or more for men, according to the NIH.

Botanical therapies

Therapies that use plants or plant extracts for medicinal purposes, particularly those that aren’t part of our usual diet.


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