Glossary of Terms
SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin)
A protein that binds or attaches to a number of circulating hormones (e.g., testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol). Once the hormones are bound to it, SHBG regulates their presence in the bloodstream and hence their activity. A decrease in SHBG indicates a greater number of hormones are circulating in the bloodstream, thereby causing clinical symptoms of PCOS such as hair growth and male pattern baldness.
Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)
A small palm native to the southeastern Unites States recognized most for treating Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy in men. Recent research has shown saw palmetto can reverse hirsutism in females. The exact mechanism of action is unknown, although it might inhibit the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which converts testosterone to its more potent relative, dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
The data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of the body using a sensing device.
Another name for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), along with Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, and Chronic Anovulatory Syndrome. It is the most common female endocrine (hormonal) disorder and is characterized by multiple abnormal ovarian cysts. The classic triad of obesity, hirsutism, and irregular anovulatory cycles occurs in only one-third of women with PCOS.
The brand name, along with Clomid, for a medication used to treat infertility. It initiates a cascade of endocrine events that stimulates ovarian follicles and culminates in ovulation. Common side effects include enlarged ovaries, hot flashes, abdominal discomfort, and visual disturbances.
The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plasma, which is the liquid portion of normal unclotted blood containing the red and white cells and platelets. The clot is what makes the difference between serum and plasma.
Problems that occur when treatment goes beyond the desired effect.
An autoimmune disease where a body’s immune system attacks the glands that secrete bodily fluids, such as the sweat, tear, and saliva glands.
The stopping of breathing one or more times during sleep. Risk factors include certain physical characteristics (such as a large neck), smoking, alcohol use, obesity, and diabetes, the last two of which can account for the connection to PCOS. Sleep apnea is often the cause of snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, morning headaches, and irritability.
As regards to cancer, the extent to which the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body.
A type of drug that lowers LDL (“bad” cholesterol) by inhibiting HMG CoA reductase, the enzyme that manages the rate of cholesterol production. Statin drugs also enhance the capability of the liver to remove LDL-cholesterol already in the blood.
Another name for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), in addition to Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), Sclerocystic Ovaries, and Chronic Anovulatory Syndrome. It is the most common female endocrine (hormonal) disorder and is characterized by multiple abnormal ovarian cysts. The classic triad of obesity, hirsutism, and irregular anovulatory cycles occurs in only one-third of women with PCOS.
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)
A perennial herb with many uses. The root of Urtica dioica can be used medicinally to increase SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin), which serves to decrease the activity of excess hormones in conditions like PCOS and BPH.
Connective tissue cells of an organ that comprise its supportive framework.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases and conditions that require or are amenable by operative procedures. It is the work perfomed by a surgeon.
A set of signs and symptoms that tend to occur together and reflect the presence of a particular disease or an increased chance of developing a particular disease.
Also known as Metabolic Syndrome, a group of risk factors that substantially increase the chances of developing coronary artery disease and Type 2 Diabetes. Characterized by central or abdominal obesity, high blood lipids (mainly high triglycerides and low HDL), hypertension, and fasting blood glucose >110 mg/dL.
The Insulite PCOS System is not intended to be medical treatment, nor is information on this website intended to be a substitute for the advice or care of a health-care practitioner. The Insulite PCOS System is a combination of nutritional supplementation and lifestyle programs intended to help individuals better manage their health and wellbeing. Consult a health-care practitioner before beginning the Insulite PCOS System. Because of ongoing research, clinical experience, and the rapid accumulation of information relating to the subject matter discussed on this website, the website’s users are advised to carefully review and evaluate the information on this website and continue to expand and broaden their knowledge of new information as it becomes available on this website and elsewhere. The use or application of the information contained on this website is at the sole discretion and risk of the user.
Since June 2008, Insulite Laboratories and Insulite Health has supported more than 2.4 million women through the Insulite PCOS System, through this website, through emails providing information and support, through consultations with our Consulting & Advisory Team, through telephone conference calls, through online webinars, through published articles, and most recently, through social media community building and support efforts. Insulite Laboratories and Insulite Health are singularly dedicated to improving the lives of women with PCOS and conditions resulting from Insulin Resistance.