Glossary of Terms
The state of being 20 percent over one’s ideal weight, or defined by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as having a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 (approximately 30 pounds) overweight. The BMI is a key for relating body weight to height and is based on a person’s weight in kg divided by their height in meters squared. Obesity is frequently based on both behavior and genetics and significantly increases the risk of health problems such as Type 2 Diabetes, hypertension, heart attack, stroke and certain types of cancer.
Infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods.
Ovulating infrequently or irregularly. A woman usually ovulates, or releases a mature egg, once a month (about halfway through her cycle). Oligoovulation is seen in women with irregular cycles, or very long cycles (more then 50 days), and makes it very difficult to track their fertile days when trying to conceive.
Birth control pills containing some combination of synthetic estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation, thereby preventing pregnancy.
Oral Glucose Tolerance
A test to determine whether blood glucose (sugar) levels are within a normal range following a fasting state and at intervals following ingestion of a drink containing 75 grams of glucose.
Ovarian cysts (polycystic ovaries, endometriomas, dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, functional)
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovary usually resulting from the growth of a follicle (functional), a fluid-filled cyst that contains an egg. Any fluid-filled sac growing on or in the ovary.
A laparoscopic procedure in which the ovary is punctured 4-10 times resulting in a lowering of male hormones. The treatment is often used on women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).
Ovarian Wedge Resection
A surgical treatment for PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) whereby a section of the ovary containing cysts is removed.
The female gonad. The ovary is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs (ova) and female hormones. During each monthly menstrual cycle an egg is released from one ovary. This egg travels from the ovary through a fallopian tube to the uterus. The ovaries are the main source of female hormones, which control the development of female body characteristics (breasts, body shape, and body hair). These glands also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
The release of the egg from the ovary. The egg is released when the cavity surrounding it breaks open in response to a hormonal signal. Ovulation occurs around 14-15 days from the first day of the woman’s last menstrual cycle. When ovulation occurs the ovum (egg) moves into the fallopian tube and is then available for fertilization.
A substance found in plant foods (including many vegetables). Some women eat a low oxalate diet to treat vulvodynia.
The Insulite PCOS System is not intended to be medical treatment, nor is information on this website intended to be a substitute for the advice or care of a health-care practitioner. The Insulite PCOS System is a combination of nutritional supplementation and lifestyle programs intended to help individuals better manage their health and wellbeing. Consult a health-care practitioner before beginning the Insulite PCOS System. Because of ongoing research, clinical experience, and the rapid accumulation of information relating to the subject matter discussed on this website, the website’s users are advised to carefully review and evaluate the information on this website and continue to expand and broaden their knowledge of new information as it becomes available on this website and elsewhere. The use or application of the information contained on this website is at the sole discretion and risk of the user.
Since June 2008, Insulite Laboratories and Insulite Health has supported more than 2.4 million women through the Insulite PCOS System, through this website, through emails providing information and support, through consultations with our Consulting & Advisory Team, through telephone conference calls, through online webinars, through published articles, and most recently, through social media community building and support efforts. Insulite Laboratories and Insulite Health are singularly dedicated to improving the lives of women with PCOS and conditions resulting from Insulin Resistance.