Glossary M

 

Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L [M] N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


M

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A special radiology technique designed to image internal structures of the body using magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce images of body structures. In an MRI the scanner is a tube surrounded by a giant circular magnet. The patient is placed on a moveable bed and inserted into the magnet. The magnet creates a strong magnetic field that aligns the protons of hydrogen atoms, which are then exposed to a beam of radio waves. This spins the various protons of the body and they produce a faint signal that is detected by the receiver portion of the MRI scanner. The computer processes the information and an image is produced. The image and resolution is very detailed and can detect tiny changes of structures within the body, particularly in the soft abdomen tissue.

Medication

A “good” drug or medicine.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)

The generic name for the pharmaceutical drugs Provera, Cycrin, and Amen. It acts to inhibit release of sex hormones influencing follicular growth and ovulation. Used in contraception.

Menstrual

Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in menstrual period, menstrual cramps, menstrual cycle, and premenstrual syndrome.

Metabolic Syndrome

Also known as Syndrome X, a group of risk factors that substantially increase the chances of developing coronary artery disease and Type 2 Diabetes. Characterized by central or abdominal obesity, high blood lipids (mainly high triglycerides and low HDL), hypertension, and fasting blood glucose >110 mg/dL.

Metformin (Glucophage)

An oral medication that lowers blood glucose (sugar) by inhibiting production and absorption of glucose in the liver and intestine and promoting insulin sensitivity through peripheral uptake of glucose; used for treating Type 2 Diabetes.

Miscarriage

The spontaneous ending of a pregnancy by loss of the baby before the 24th week of pregnancy.

Multifactorial

Multiple factors that cause a certain disorder.

Myomectomy

The surgical removal of a fibroid.


A B C D E F G H I J K L [M] N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

 

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