Glossary F

 

Glossary of Terms

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F

FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)

Produced by the anterior pituitary gland, FSH is a hormone with receptors in the testis and ovary and regulates reproductive function by promoting sex steroid production in both males and females.

Fallopian tubes

Tubes through which the egg passes from the ovary to the uterus.

Fasting Blood Glucose

A test to determine whether blood glucose (sugar) levels are within a normal range following an overnight fast.

Fertilization

Typically occurs in the fallopian tubes of a woman shortly after ovulation when sperm has been deposited into the reproductive tract. The fertilized egg moves down the tube and implants into the uterus, initiating a pregnancy. Occasionally the fertilized egg will implant outside of the uterus, such as in the cervix or fallopian tube, which is known as an ectopic pregnancy.

Fetus

The unborn offspring from the end of the eighth week after conception (when the major structures have formed) until birth. Up until the eighth week, the developing offspring is called an embryo.

Fibrinolysis

The process of breaking down blood clots (fibrin) through the action of several different enzymes.

Finasteride (Proscar)

Finasteride inhibits the enzyme necessary for the conversion of testosterone to DHT in the prostate. It is used to lower blood and tissue DHT levels and helps reduce the size of the prostate gland. In lower doses, it is used to treat hair loss.

Fish Oil, omega-3

Essential fatty acids, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), found mainly in cold water fish and benefiting many bodily systems and functions. Considered “essential” in that dietary intake is required.

Flaxseed

Flax is one of the world’s oldest cultivated plants and researchers are currently investigating its many health benefits. It helps curb appetite and helps to keep blood sugar stable. In addition to containing potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, and calcium, its soluble and insoluble fibers promote intestinal health and regularity, due to its mild laxative effect. Like other sources of soluble fiber, it has been reported to help lower levels of LDL “bad” cholesterol. Flaxseed’s most notable ingredient, lignans, are powerful antioxidants metabolized by bacteria in the colon into multiple positive substances.

Follistim (follitropin beta)

A drug that uses the hormone, FSH, to stimulate ovarian follicular growth and treat infertility in women. It is used in combination with another hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), under careful patient monitoring.


A B C D E [F] G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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